The North American Continent is home to three republics, a theocracy, two monarchies, a formal oligarchy, and several tribal systems.
The USA, CSA, and Texas hold elections every 4 years, the next ones due 1880 in the USA, and 1882 for CSA and Texas.The British Dominions answer to a Governor General appointed by Queen Victoria. Mexico is ruled by Emperor Maximilian I. Deseret is managed by a President elected from a council of religious leaders. The First Nation of the Plains is governed by regional councils that meet twice a year for national issues.
The various tribes maintain their own governments without any formal declarations, constitutions, or treaties.